Hepatitis A Vaccine
The Vaccine Center offers every vaccine available in the United States including hepatitis A vaccine. We offer a wide array of employee health, student health, travel health, and laboratory services to individuals, schools, corporations, and other health care organizations.
What is it?
Hepatitis A is a disease of the liver caused by a virus. The hepatitis A virus (HAV) is spread through fecal-oral transmission meaning it can be spread by unhygienic food handling or poor water treatment. Although very rare, HAV can also be spread through blood transfusion.
Once a person is infected with HAV they may or may not have symptoms of the disease which includes fever, anorexia, nausea, malaise, abdominal pain and discomfort, diarrhea, dark urine and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). Some people, especially young children, may show no outward signs of infection, but may still be able to spread the disease.
Nationwide epidemics of HAV occur in the United States approximately every 10 years. Rates of HAV infection in the United States has been steadily declining since 1995 which is attributed to high vaccination rates.
Because the hepatitis A virus is easily spread by close personal contact with an infected person, or by ingesting contaminated foods or water, it is often recommended for travelers to third world and endemic countries and people in the food service industry. It may also be required by some school programs. For travelers, the first dose of HAV vaccine should be given as soon as a departure date is determined. Other groups at increased risk for HAV are men who have sex with men, and people who use illegal street drugs. HAV vaccine is also recommended for:
- All children between their first and second birthday (12-23 months of age)
- Children between 2 years old and 18 years old who live in areas where routine vaccination has been implemented related to high incidences of HAV.
- Individuals who have chronic liver disease or who are having or have had a liver transplant.
- Adoptive parent’s and the members of their household who’s child is coming from a country with high HAV prevalence.
- Individuals who need treatment with clotting factor concentrates.
- Individuals who work with primates infected with HAV.
Others may also choose to receive HAV vaccination including:
- Individuals who have been exposed to HAV or an area of HAV outbreak that have not been vaccinated.
- Anyone over 1 year of age who wants protection from the HAV.
Hepatitis B Vaccine
The Vaccine Center offers every vaccine available in the United States including hepatitis B vaccine. We offer a wide array of employee health, student health, travel health, and laboratory services to individuals, schools, corporations, and other health care organizations.
What is it?
Hepatitis B is a disease of the liver caused by a virus. The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is spread through contaminated blood and other bodily fluids, but can also live on objects for up to seven days. In the United States, approximately 2,000 to 4,000 people die each year from complications of HBV such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. It is estimated that approximately 1.4 million people in the United States are infected with HBV.
Once a person is infected with HBV they may or may not have symptoms of the disease which includes anorexia, fever, rashes, nausea, malaise, abdominal pain and discomfort, nausea, vomiting, headache, muscle and joint pain, dark urine, clay colored stools, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). Some people, especially young children, may show no outward signs of infection, but may still be able to spread the disease. Young children are at an increased risk for becoming chronically infected with HBV and are also more likely to be asymptomatic, increasing their risk for spreading the disease.
Rates of HBV infection in the United States has been steadily declining since the 1980s which is attributed to high vaccination rates and HIV prevention efforts. The CDC reports that approximately 5,000-8,000 individuals become chronically infected with HBV each year.
Since HBV can be easily spread through contact with blood and bodily fluids of infected individuals it is often recommended for health care workers and some travelers. HBV vaccine is also recommended for:
- Any individual who’s job places that at risk for exposure to blood or other bodily fluids.
- Individuals who’s sex partners are infected with HBV.
- Men who have sex with men.
- Individuals who use injectable street drugs.
- People with more than one sex partner.
- People with chronic liver or kidney disease.
- Individuals with diabetes whom are under 60 years old.
- Individuals who use kidney dialysis.
- Travelers to countries where HBV is common.
- Individuals who have been diagnosed with HIV infection.
- Staff and residence in developmentally disabled institutions.
Other individuals may also choose to be vaccinated:
- Pregnant women may be vaccinated whether or not they are at increased risk.
- Individuals 60 years and older with diabetes and a recommendation by their doctor.
- Any individual who would like protection from HBV.
The Vaccine Center and Travel Medicine Clinic has ALL the recommended and/or required vaccines needed for your travel.
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis A/B (Twinrix)
- Japanese Encephalitis
- Meningococcal (MenB)
- TD/Tdap (Tetanus)
- Typhoid IM
- Typhoid Pills
- Yellow Fever
- Gardasil (HPV)